What are anxiety disorders? Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric disorders in the U.S., with a lifetime prevalence of 29%. While varying in severity, anxiety disorders can be crippling, with panic disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) associated with a 6-fold risk for suicide.The symptoms of anxiety disorders may vary from nightmares, separation anxiety, and phobias in the very young to low self esteem and poor occupational functioning in the elderly. Various medical conditions including metabolic, endocrine, and cardiac illnesses may masquerade as anxiety. Comorbidity is the rule rather than an exception in patients with anxiety disorders.
This section has clinically relevant and evidence-based videos on the diagnosis, etiology, and treatment of anxiety disorders. The role of pharmacological therapies including benzodiazepines, SSRIs, SNRIs, and mood stabilizers is discussed. The evidence base for nonpharmacological therapies including CBT, exposure, and response-prevention therapies, EMDR, yoga, and family therapy is discussed. Extensive use of data from randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, and the Cochrane Reviews is made for the discussion when applicable. Cochrane Reviews are systematic reviews of primary research in human health care and health policy, and are internationally recognized as the highest standard in evidence-based health care.
Be sure to check out our infographic on this subject entitled, "What Are Anxiety Disorders?."